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作者 主題: NASA 天文的問題翻譯  (閱讀 32823 次)
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« 回覆文章 #15 於: 2011-09-28 12:30:29 »

其他給別人了 ..

謝謝Peter喔

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« 回覆文章 #16 於: 2011-09-28 16:30:54 »

今天先翻到這裡

What is the sun?

The sun is a star. It is a huge, spinning, glowing sphere of hot gas. The sun is just like the stars that you see in the night sky. It appears so much larger and brighter than the other stars because we are so close to it. The sun is the center of our solar system. All of the planets in our solar system, including Earth, orbit around the sun.
 
太陽是什麼?

太陽就是一顆恆星,一個巨大、會自轉、充滿熱氣體的發光球體。太陽就像你在夜空中看到的星星。因為她很接近我們所以看起來比其它恆星更大、更明亮。太陽是我們太陽系的中心。所有在我們這個太陽系的行星,包括地球都會圍繞太陽運行。

How does the sun shine?

The sun shines by burning hydrogen into helium in its core. This process is called nuclear fusion. Fusion happens when lighter elements are forced to become heavier elements. When this happens, a tremendous amount of energy is created. The famous scientist Albert Einstein discovered a formula which shows how much energy can be created from a small amount of mass. You may have heard of the famous formula E=mc2. E is energy, m is mass, and c is the speed of light. The speed of light is 186,000 miles or 300,000 km per second. So you can see that a tiny amount of matter can be changed into an enormous amount of energy. This can only happen in places which have extremely high pressures and temperatures. At the center of the sun, the temperature reaches 16 million degrees K, and the pressure is more than a billion times the atmospheric pressure on Earth! The sun converts about 5 million tons of mass into energy every second. This energy heats the sun, and in turn, the sun heats Earth and all the other planets.
 
太陽是怎麼發亮的?

太陽之所以會發光,是因為在太陽核心裡面,氫經過燃燒後轉化為氦,硬是將較輕的元素轉變為較重的元素,產生了巨大的能量而發光,這個過程就是核融合。著名科學家愛因斯坦發現了一個公式,說明用少許的質量產生多大的能量。您可能聽說過著名的公式E= MC2,E是能量,m是質量,c是光速。光的速度每秒達到30萬公里或186,000英里,這也就是為什麼少量的物質可以變成巨大能量的原因。而核融合只能發生在具有非常高的壓力和溫度的地方。以太陽的中心來說,溫度達到1600萬度K時,壓力更是高達地球上的大氣壓力的10億倍!太陽每秒將約500萬噸的質量轉換成能量,將太陽加熱,接著太陽也將地球和其他行星加熱。

How long has the sun been shining?

The sun has been shining for about 4.6 billion years and it will continue to shine for about 5 billion more years.

太陽已經發光多少年了?

太陽已經閃耀約46億年,未來還將繼續閃耀約 50億多年。


What is the sun made of?

The sun is a huge, glowing sphere of hot gas. Most of this gas is hydrogen (about 70%) and helium (about 28%). Carbon, nitrogen and oxygen make up 1.5% and the other 0.5% is made up of small amounts of many other elements such as neon, iron, silicon, magnesium and sulfur. The sun shines because it is burning hydrogen into helium in its extremely hot core. This means that as time goes on, the sun has less hydrogen and more helium.
 

太陽組成成份有什麼?

太陽是一個充滿熱氣體的巨大發光球體。這些氣體有氫氣(約 70%)和氦(28%左右)。碳,氮和氧共1.5%,其他如氖、鐵、矽、鎂、硫等諸多元素的少量約0.5%。陽光的產生是因為太陽極熱的核心將氫燃燒成氦,所以太陽上的氫將會越來越少,而氦就會越來越多。

How large is the sun compared to Earth?

Compared to Earth, the sun is enormous! It contains 99.86% of all of the mass of the entire solar system. The sun is 864,400 miles (1,391,000 kilometers) across. This is about 109 times the diameter of Earth. The sun weighs about 333,000 times as much as Earth. It is so large that about 1,300,000 planet Earths can fit inside of it. Earth is about the size of an average sunspot!
  
太陽比地球大嗎?

太陽的大小如果是顆籃球的話,那地球就只有一個小綠豆大而已!太陽的質量佔整個太陽系的99.86%。太陽直徑有1,391,000公里 (864400英里),是地球直徑的109倍左右。太陽的重量約地球的33萬倍。這樣的大小可以容納約130萬地球。

Is the sun the largest star?

Although the sun appear larger to us than any other star, there are many stars which are much larger. The sun appears so large compared to the other stars because it is so much closer to us than any other star. The sun is just an average sized star. For example, below is a list of some of the largest stars in our galaxy and how they compare to our sun:

Mu Cephi - about 1500 times the size of our sun
Betelgeuse - about 900 times the size of our sun
Antares - about 530 times the size of our sun
Deneb - about 145 times the size of our sun
 
太陽最大的恆星?

雖然太陽比起我們太陽系的任何星體都大很多,但也有其它恆星比他更大。太陽之所以看起來比起它恆星大,是因為它比其他恆星是更接近我們。事實上,太陽在宇宙中只是一個普通大小的恆星。舉例來說,下列恆星在我們的銀河系比太陽的清單:

造父四 (Mu Cephi)– 約太陽的1500倍
參宿四 (Betelgeuse)- 約太陽的900倍
心宿二 (Antares)- 約太陽的530倍
天津四 (Deneb)- 約太陽的145倍



How hot is the sun?

The temperature at the surface of the sun is about 10,000 Fahrenheit (5,600 Celsius). The temperature rises from the surface of the sun inward towards the very hot center of the sun where it reaches about 27,000,000 Fahrenheit (15,000,000 Celsius). The temperature of the sun also rises from the surface outward into the solar atmosphere. The uppermost layer of the solar atmosphere, called the corona, reaches temperatures of millions of degrees. The corona is the bright halo of light that can be seen during a total solar eclipse.

太陽有多熱?

太陽表面的溫度大約攝氏5600度(華氏10,000度)。向內對太陽非常熱的中心,達到約攝氏1500萬度(華氏2700萬度)的太陽表面溫度的升高。太陽的溫度也上升,從表面向上進入太陽大氣層。太陽大氣最主要的一層,稱為日冕,可達到數百萬度的高溫。日冕可以在日全食期間看到它明亮的光暈。


How far away is the sun?

The sun is at an average distance of about 93,000,000 miles (150 million kilometers) away from Earth. It is so far away that light from the sun, traveling at a speed of 186,000 miles (300,000 meters) per second, takes about 8 minutes to reach us. Like all of the other planets in our solar system, Earth does not travel around the sun in a perfect circle. Instead its orbit is elliptical, like a stretched circle, with the sun just off the center of the orbit. This means that the distance between Earth and the sun changes during a year. At its closest, the sun is 91.4 million miles (147.1 million km) away from us. At its farthest, the sun is 94.5 million miles (152.1 million km) away.

太陽距離我們有多遠?

太陽距離地球的平均距離大約1億5千公里(93,000,000英里),太陽光以每秒30萬公里(186,000英里)的速度旅行,大約需要8分鐘才可以達到地球。但地球跟所有太陽系行星運行軌道都不是一個完美的圓形,而是一個橢圓形的,就像一個拉長的圈圈一樣,太陽就在軌道的中心。因此一年內地球與太陽的距離變化,最接近的距離有147,100,000萬公里(91,400,000英里),最遠的有152,100,000公里(94,500,000英里)。


Does the sun spin?

Yes, the sun does spin, or rotate. Because it is a gas, it does not rotate like a solid. The sun actually spins faster at its equator than at its poles. The sun rotates once every 27 days at its equator, but only once every 31 days at its poles. We know this by watching the motion of sunspots and other solar features across the sun. The giant gas planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, also spin faster at their equators than at their poles.


太陽會旋轉嗎?

是的,太陽會自轉。但因為太陽主要是氣體,所以它旋轉方式跟固體不同。太陽在赤道的旋轉速度比兩極快。赤道每27天旋轉一圈,兩極每31天旋轉一圈。我們可以透過觀察太陽黑子和其他太陽表面特徵,橫跨太陽表面的情況得知。巨大的氣體行星如木星、土星、天王星和海王星,也有赤道旋轉速度高於兩極的情形。

Does the sun move in space?

Yes, the sun does move in space. The sun and the entire solar system revolve around the center of our own galaxy - the Milky Way.
 
太陽會在太空中移動嗎?

是的,太陽確實在太空中移動,具體來說太陽和整個太陽系不停的環繞我們銀河系的中心旋轉。
« 最後編輯時間: 2013-09-19 17:46:41 由 大瘋起嘻 » 已記錄
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« 回覆文章 #17 於: 2011-09-29 19:35:06 »

這方向跟之前構思有出入
我們現在要做的是請大家幫忙針對天文所的25部以翻譯中文字幕的影片

去找出F&Q˙讓小朋友看完影片˙透過有獎徵答從新整理思考這段影片帶來的知識
不是要大家去翻譯天文小百科
怕這會耗大家的時間
我也請AA幫忙開看怎麼處理
可以讓大家看完片段後
用接力方式列出一問一答的內容
這些F&Q完成後掛在網上
家長也可以一起下載這些F&Q來跟小朋友互動
這樣的方式似乎更有推廣親子天文教育的意義
大家認為呢
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« 回覆文章 #18 於: 2011-09-29 19:46:34 »

還好啦!

題目可以每次講課就累積一些

天文所的影片缺的是配音

我覺得這些問題都不錯

所以我才想要翻

只要有做方向都沒錯
« 最後編輯時間: 2011-09-29 19:48:48 由 大瘋起嘻 » 已記錄
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« 回覆文章 #19 於: 2011-09-29 20:11:52 »

這方向跟之前構思有出入
我們現在要做的是請大家幫忙針對天文所的25部以翻譯中文字幕的影片

去找出F&Q˙讓小朋友看完影片˙透過有獎徵答從新整理思考這段影片帶來的知識
不是要大家去翻譯天文小百科
怕這會耗大家的時間
我也請AA幫忙開看怎麼處理
可以讓大家看完片段後
用接力方式列出一問一答的內容
這些F&Q完成後掛在網上
家長也可以一起下載這些F&Q來跟小朋友互動
這樣的方式似乎更有推廣親子天文教育的意義
大家認為呢

我有另外開一篇主題了
http://familystar.org.tw/component/option,com_smf/Itemid,45/topic,13927.0
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« 回覆文章 #20 於: 2011-09-29 22:24:07 »

還好啦!

題目可以每次講課就累積一些

天文所的影片缺的是配音

我覺得這些問題都不錯

所以我才想要翻

只要有做方向都沒錯

所以就繼續翻了,是嗎?

我兒子要翻"黑洞",因為他很有興趣,我們母子還滿享受親子共翻的樂趣喲!
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« 回覆文章 #21 於: 2011-09-29 23:05:20 »

還好啦!

題目可以每次講課就累積一些

天文所的影片缺的是配音

我覺得這些問題都不錯

所以我才想要翻

只要有做方向都沒錯

所以就繼續翻了,是嗎?

我兒子要翻"黑洞",因為他很有興趣,我們母子還滿享受親子共翻的樂趣喲!

鎮捷、竣程加油喔!你們真的是太棒了

好棒的親子活動

一舉N得


« 最後編輯時間: 2011-09-30 06:53:03 由 大瘋起嘻 » 已記錄
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« 回覆文章 #22 於: 2011-09-30 07:32:46 »

還好啦!

題目可以每次講課就累積一些

天文所的影片缺的是配音

我覺得這些問題都不錯

所以我才想要翻

只要有做方向都沒錯

所以就繼續翻了,是嗎?

我兒子要翻"黑洞",因為他很有興趣,我們母子還滿享受親子共翻的樂趣喲!
當然可以
如果這翻譯可帶來親子樂趣那更要維持
開始只是想作天文所翻譯片的F&Q讓民眾下載來作親子互動
上次河畔天文很多家長在問如何取得這些卡通
我們的方向是一樣的.........
如果可以完成翻譯片的F&Q在透過推廣和網路結合
一定會有更多家庭可以分享天文親子樂趣
已上路繼續繼續當然不要讓樂趣停止 Grin
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« 回覆文章 #23 於: 2011-09-30 08:01:15 »

對了如果讓小朋友用他們的想法來出題
會是甚麼有趣的畫面呢 Roll Eyes
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« 回覆文章 #24 於: 2011-09-30 08:22:34 »

還好啦!

題目可以每次講課就累積一些

天文所的影片缺的是配音

我覺得這些問題都不錯

所以我才想要翻

只要有做方向都沒錯

所以就繼續翻了,是嗎?

我兒子要翻"黑洞",因為他很有興趣,我們母子還滿享受親子共翻的樂趣喲!
其實之前每次製作有獎徵答題目時~~早期常與Aray試圖嘗試由孩子的角度去思惟~~

如果能由對天文有興趣地孩子自己來想會更棒更適合不過啦~~為他~~拍拍手


我們對答互動教學高手很多哩~如~~見晴~vega~..........當然不能少了珮怡妳啦
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« 回覆文章 #25 於: 2011-09-30 09:01:48 »

用小孩子可以理解的語詞是最好不過了

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« 回覆文章 #26 於: 2011-10-03 07:03:27 »

用小孩子可以理解的語詞是最好不過了

再加上個人題庫~~更棒~~一起放在教材區

有如一個持續地計畫
« 最後編輯時間: 2011-10-03 08:15:13 由 Jeff » 已記錄

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« 回覆文章 #27 於: 2011-10-03 12:41:29 »

Why is Venus sometimes called Earth's twin?
金星為何被稱地球雙胞胎
Venus is sometimes called Earth's twin because Venus and Earth are almost the same size, have about the same mass (they weigh about the same), and have a very similar composition (are made of the same material). They are also neighboring planets. However, Venus and Earth are also very different. Venus has an atmosphere that is about 100 times thicker than Earth's and has surface temperatures that are extremely hot. Venus does not have life or water oceans like Earth does. Venus also rotates backwards compared to Earth and the other planets.
金星有時也被稱為地球的雙胞胎,因為金星和地球大小幾乎相同,有大約相同的質量 ,並有一個非常相似的(相同的材料製成)的組成。他們還g42鄰近行星。然而,金星和地球也有很大不同。金星大氣是比地球厚100倍左右(應該是大氣壓吧 不是厚度),是非常熱的表面溫度, 金星沒有像地球一樣的生命或水的海洋。和地球和其他行星比金星旋轉是相反的。

Why is Venus so hot?
金星為何如此熱
Venus is so hot because it is surrounded by a very thick atmosphere which is about 100 times more massive than our atmosphere here on Earth. As sunlight passes through the atmosphere it heats up the surface of Venus. Most of this heat cannot escape back into space because it is blocked by the very thick atmosphere of Venus. The heat becomes trapped and builds up to extremely high temperatures. This trapping of heat by the atmosphere is called the greenhouse effect because it is similar to how the glass in a greenhouse traps heat. The greenhouse effect on Venus causes the temperatures at its surface to reach 864 degrees Fahrenheit (462 degrees Celsius), making Venus the hottest planet in the entire solar system
金星是這麼熱,因為它是有一個本很厚的大氣大約 100倍地球大氣層質量包圍著。當陽光穿過大氣層時,它加熱金星表面。這些熱量大部分不能逃逸到太空回來,因為它是由金星的濃厚大氣阻擋。熱被困住,並產生到極高的溫度。這種大氣誘捕被稱為溫室效應,因為它是類似於玻璃溫室作用。金星上的溫室效應導致其表面溫度達到華氏864度(攝氏462度),使金星在整個太陽系中是最熱的行星

Could life exist on Venus?
金星上有生命嗎 ?
Most astronomers feel that it would be impossible for life to exist on Venus. Today, Venus is a very hostile place. It is a very dry planet with no evidence of water, its surface temperature is hot enough to melt lead, and its atmosphere is so thick that the air pressure on its surface is over 90 times that on Earth. Even the spacecraft which have landed on Venus only survived for about an hour before being crushed and melted. There are however, a few scientists who think that it is possible for life to exist in the clouds of Venus.
大多數天文學家認為,這將是不可能的金星上的生命存在的。今天,金星是一個對生命非常有敵意的的地方。  這是一個沒有水的證據非常乾燥的星球,其表面溫度熱到足以融化鉛,和它的大氣是那麼厚,在其表面的空氣壓力超過 90倍地球大氣。即使在金星上著陸的飛船只存活了大約一個小時就被粉碎和融化。然而,有一名一些科學家認為 可能有些生命是存在於金星的雲層

Who discovered Venus?
誰發現金星
There is no single person who is credited with the discovery of Venus. Venus is the brightest of the five planets that can be seen in the night sky without the use of a telescope or binoculars. Since Venus is so bright and noticable in the sky, it was probably seen by the first groups of humans.
沒有任何單一的人發現水星的記錄。水星是五個行星之一且不使用望遠鏡或雙筒望遠鏡就可以在夜空中看到。 可以在夜空中看到的行星中最亮的。由於金星是如此明亮,在天空中明顯,它可能是最早一組人類發現的。

How did Venus get its name?
金星名稱由來
The Romans knew of seven bright objects in the sky, the sun, the moon and the five brightest planets. They named them after their most important gods. Venus, the brightest planet in the night sky, was named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty.
羅馬人知道七個明亮的物體在天空,太陽,月亮和五個最亮的行星。他們以其最重要的神來命名。金星在夜空中是最明亮的行星,被羅馬人命名為愛與美的的女神
 就是維納斯 , 而中國稱太白星


Why is Venus so bright in the night sky?
金星 為何如此亮
Venus is one of the brightest objects in the night sky. Venus is so bright because its thick clouds reflect most of the sunlight that reaches it (about 70%) back into space, and because it is the closest planet to Earth. Venus can often be seen within a few hours after sunset or before sunrise as the brightest object in the sky (other than the moon). It looks like a very bright star. Venus is the brightest planet in the solar system
金星在夜空中最明亮的天體之一。金星是如此明亮,因為它厚厚的雲層反射了大部分的陽光,達到回太空(約 70%),因為它是最接近地球的行星。日落之後或日出前的幾個小時內看到天空中最明亮的 (比月球),它看起來像一個非常明亮的恆星。金星是太陽系中最亮的行星


What is the atmosphere of Venus like?
金星大氣像甚 ?
The atmosphere of Venus is very thick and is about 90 times more massive than Earth's atmosphere. It is mostly carbon dioxide gas (about 96%), with some nitrogen (about 3%) and a very small amount of water vapor (0.003%). Venus also has a thick layer of sulfuric acid clouds. The sulfur in the clouds gives Venus its yellowish appearance. The clouds in Venus's atmosphere also move very fast, reaching speeds of 220 miles per hour (350 km per hour).
金星的大氣層很厚,約 90倍地球大氣層的量。它主要是二氧化碳氣體(約 96%),與一些氮(約 3%)和極少量的水蒸汽(0.003%),金星也有一層厚厚的硫酸雲。在雲中的硫 使金星有淡黃色的外觀。金星的大氣中的雲層速度也非常快,達到每小時 每小時220英里(每小時350公里)的速度。

Has a spacecraft ever landed on Venus?
那些太空船到過金星
Yes, several landers from the former Soviet Union have landed on Venus. They were only able to send us information for a short time because the extremely high temperature and pressure on the surface of Venus melted and crushed the landers. On December 15, 1970 an unmanned Soviet spacecraft, Venera 7, became the first spacecraft to land on another planet. It measured the temperature of the atmosphere on Venus. In 1972, Venera 8 gathered atmospheric and surface data for 50 minutes after landing. On Oct. 22, 1975, Venera 9 landed on the surface of Venus. It took the first close-up photograph of the planet's surface. Three days later Venera 10 landed on Venus. Venera 10 took photographs of its surface and studied its rocks. In December 1978, Venera 11 and Venera 12 landed on Venus and sent back more data on the atmosphere of Venus. Venera 12 sent back data for 110 minutes (the longest of any Venera lander) before the effects of heat and pressure ended its mission. In March 1982 two more Soviet spacecraft landed on Venus - Venera 13 and Venera 14. They sent back images and studied soil.
是的,前蘇聯的幾個登陸器在金星上著陸。他們只能夠給我們的時間很短信息,因為極高的溫度和壓力金星使其在表面熔化並粉碎了太空船。金星7號在1970年12月15日,蘇聯無人駕駛飛船,成為第一艘降落在另一個星球上。並測梁在金星大氣的溫度。 1972年金星8號 收集大氣資訊和地表著陸後50分鐘收集數據。 1975年10月22日,金星9號降落在金星表面。拍到地表的特寫照片。三天後,金星10號在金星上著陸。金星10號拍了其表面的照片,並研究其岩石。 1978年12月,金星11號和金星12號降落在金星和傳回金星大氣層的數據。金星12號傳回110分鐘的數據  (最長的金星著陸器 )在他受金星熱和壓力的影響結束其使命前。在1982年3月,兩台蘇聯太空探測船降落在金星 - 金星13號 和金星14號。他們傳回的圖像和研究土壤。

What is the surface of Venus like?
金星表面看起來像
The surface of Venus is a very hot and dry place. Most of the surface is made up of gently rolling plains. Venus has several large lowlands and two large highland areas which are about the size of Australia and South America. Venus has several mountains and volcanoes and much of its surface is covered with old lava flows. The highest mountain on Venus is Maxwell Montes. It is more than 7 miles high and is higher than Mt Everest. Venus does not have many craters because most meteors burn up in its thick atmosphere and many of the meteor craters which did exist have been covered by lava flows. The images above are computer generated views of the surface of Venus using information from radar maps of the surface. The atmosphere of Venus is too thick for us to see its surface, however, radar can pass through the thick atmosphere of Venus, allowing us to find out what the surface is like.
金星的表面是一個非常炎熱和乾燥的地方。大部分的表面是由起伏的平原。金星有幾個大的低地和兩個大的高原地區有澳大利亞和南美州般的大小。金星有幾個山脈和火山,其表面是與舊的熔岩流覆蓋。金星上最高的山峰是馬克斯威爾山。它是超過 7英里高,高於珠穆朗瑪峰(聖母峰)。金星不會有許多隕石坑,因為大多數流星燃燒在其厚厚的大氣層或者流星隕石坑確實存在許多但被熔岩流覆蓋。上面的圖像是計算機生成的金星表面的雷達地圖的信息,從表面來看。金星的大氣層是太厚無法看到其表面,但是,雷達可以穿過對金星厚的大氣層,使我們能夠找出表面像甚。


What is Venus made of?
金星組成
Venus is made up of a central iron core and a rocky mantle, similar to the composition of Earth. Its atmosphere is mainly made up of carbon dioxide (96%) and nitrogen (3%), with small amounts of other gases. .
金星是由中央鐵芯和岩石地幔,類似地球的組成。它的大氣主要由二氧化碳(96%)和氮(3%) 少量其他氣體

How strong is the gravity on Venus?
金星重力多強
Since Venus and Earth are almost the same size and have about the same mass, the surface gravity on Venus is almost the same as the surface gravity on Earth. The surface gravity on Venus is about 91% of the surface gravity on Earth, so if you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 91 pounds on Venus.
由於金星和地球幾乎相同的尺寸和大約相同的質量,對金星表面的重力幾乎是地球表面引力的的相同。金星表面的重力為地球表面引力91%左右, 因此,在地球上如果你的體重是100磅, 你金星上會是91磅。


How old is Venus?
金星多老
Venus was formed at the same time as the rest of the solar system, from a large spinning disk of gas and dust. Astronomers think that all this happened about 4.6 billion years ago! So Venus is about 4.6 billion years old.
由於金星和地球幾乎  是在太陽系的其餘部分的同時形成的氣體和塵埃從一個大的旋轉盤,。天文學家認為,約 46億年前發生的這一切!因此,金星約 46億歲

Does Venus really spin backwards?
為何金星向旋轉
Yes, Venus spins backwards compared to most of the other planets. It spins or rotates in the opposite direction that Earth rotates. This means that on Venus the sun rises in the west and sets in the east. On Earth the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. Venus also spins very slowly - only once every 243 Earth days. Venus is the slowest spinning planet in the solar system. Actually, a day on Venus is longer than a year on Venus! A year on Venus (the time it takes for it to orbit the sun) is 225 Earth days.
是的,金星相比大多數其他行星自轉是向後旋轉。在地球自轉相反的方向旋轉或旋轉。這意味著,金星上的太陽升起在西方和落下在東方。地球上的太陽升起在東方落下在西方。金星旋轉速度非常慢 - 每243個地球日只有一次, 金星是太陽系中最慢的旋轉的行星。事實上,金星上的一天比一年金星上長!金星的一年(它圍繞太陽花費的時間 )是225個地球日。

How far is Venus from the sun?
金星離太陽多遠
The average distance of Venus from the sun is 67,237,910 miles or 108,208,930 km. Since Venus travels in an elliptical orbit around the sun, its distance from the sun varies throughout its year from 66,782,000 miles (107,476,000 km) to 67,693,000 miles (108,942,000 km).
金星離太陽的平均距離是六千七百二十三萬七千九百十英里或一億零820萬八千930公里。由於金星在圍繞太陽的橢圓軌道旅行,它從太陽的距離變化整個六六七八二零零零英里(10747.6萬公里)六七六九三〇〇〇英里(10894.2萬公里) 。


How far away is Venus from Earth?
金星離地球多遠
The planet Venus is the second planet from the sun and Earth is the third. Venus is the closest planet to Earth. It is about 25 million miles (40 million kilometers) away from Earth.
金星從太陽數來的第二顆行星地球是第三顆。金星是最接近地球的行星。 離地球約 2500萬英里(4000萬公里)


How long does it take to get to Venus from Earth?
地球到金星要多久
The distance between Earth and Venus varies depending on where the two planets are in their orbits around the sun. So the time it takes to travel to Venus from Earth depends on the distance between the two planets at the time of launch. It also depends on the speed of the spacecraft and the path chosen. Below is a list of launch and arrival times between Earth and Venus for some past missions.
地球和金星之間的距離取決於兩顆行星在圍繞太陽的軌道。所以旅行從地球到金星所花費的時間取決於發射時間其兩個星球之間的距離。這也取決於太空船的速度和路徑選擇。下面是一個地球和金星之間的發射和到達時間為過去的一些任務列表。

MISSION    LAUNCHED    VENUS   ARRIVAL
Mariner 2    Aug 27, 1962    Dec 14, 1962
Mariner 5    June 14, 1967    Oct 19, 1967
Mariner 10    Nov 3, 1973    Feb 5, 1974
Pioneer    May 20, 1978    Dec 4, 1978
Magellan    May 4, 1989    Aug 10, 1990

How long is a day on Venus?
金星一天多長
A planet's day is the time it takes the planet to rotate or spin once on its axis. Venus rotates much more slowly than Earth does, so a day on Venus is much longer than a day on Earth. A day on Venus lasts for 243 Earth days or 5,832 hours! A day on Earth is 23.943 hours. Venus also rotates backwards compared to the Earth and most of the other planets.
一個星球的一天是其軸線旋轉或自旋上一次所花費的時間。金星旋轉比地球慢得多,因此金星上的一天比地球上的日子更長。金星上的一天時間為243個地球日或5,832小時!地球上的一天為23.943小時。和地球和其他行星相比金星是向後旋轉


How long does it take Venus to go around the sun?
金星公轉一圈多久
Venus revolves or orbits around the sun once every 0.615 Earth years, or once every 224.7 Earth days. Venus travels at an average speed of 78,341 miles per hour or 126,077 kilometers per hour in its orbit around the sun.
金星旋轉或繞太陽的軌道每隔0.615地球年,一次 224.7個地球日。它繞太陽的軌道的平均時速速度是七萬八千三百四十一英里或126077公里/HR ,

What color is Venus?
金星的顏色
Planets have the colors that they have because of what they are made of and how their surfaces and/or atmospheres reflect and absorb sunlight. Venus is entirely covered with a thick carbon dioxide atmosphere and sulphuric acid clouds which give it a light yellowish appearance
行星,他們因為它們是由什麼樣的,以及如何其表面和/或大氣反映和吸收太陽光的顏色。金星是完全覆蓋著厚厚的二氧化碳大氣和硫酸雲,給它一個淡黃色的外觀
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« 回覆文章 #28 於: 2013-02-13 12:18:54 »

引用
Mu Cephi - about 1500 times the size of our sun
Betelgeuse - about 900 times the size of our sun
Antares - about 530 times the size of our sun
Deneb - about 145 times the size of our sun
 
太陽最大的恆星?

雖然太陽比起我們太陽系的任何星體都大很多,但也有其它恆星比他更大。太陽之所以看起來比起它恆星大,是因為它比其他恆星是更接近我們。事實上,太陽在宇宙中只是一個普通大小的恆星。舉例來說,下列恆星在我們的銀河系比太陽的清單:

Mu Cephi – 約太陽的1500倍
參宿四 - 約太陽的900倍
安塔爾 - 約太陽的530倍
五帝 - 約太陽的145倍

補充#16 大瘋的翻譯

Mu Cephi = 造父四
Betelgeuse = 參宿四
Antares = 心宿二
Deneb = 天津四
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« 回覆文章 #29 於: 2013-09-19 17:47:06 »

引用
Mu Cephi - about 1500 times the size of our sun
Betelgeuse - about 900 times the size of our sun
Antares - about 530 times the size of our sun
Deneb - about 145 times the size of our sun
 
太陽最大的恆星?

雖然太陽比起我們太陽系的任何星體都大很多,但也有其它恆星比他更大。太陽之所以看起來比起它恆星大,是因為它比其他恆星是更接近我們。事實上,太陽在宇宙中只是一個普通大小的恆星。舉例來說,下列恆星在我們的銀河系比太陽的清單:

Mu Cephi – 約太陽的1500倍
參宿四 - 約太陽的900倍
安塔爾 - 約太陽的530倍
五帝 - 約太陽的145倍

補充#16 大瘋的翻譯

Mu Cephi = 造父四
Betelgeuse = 參宿四
Antares = 心宿二
Deneb = 天津四

改好了喔!謝謝提醒呀!
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